A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. A test commonly ordered for some sleep disorders is the polysomnography.
The most common sleep disorders include:
- Primary insomnias.
- Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS)
- Jet lag and shift work sleep disorder.)
- Hypopnea syndrome.
- Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
- Night terror.
- Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD).
- Rapid eye movement behavior disorder (RBD).
- Restless legs syndrome (RLS).
- circadian rhythm sleep disorders: shift work sleep disorder , jet lag.
- Sleep Apnea, and mostly Obstructive sleep apnea.
- Sleep paralysis.
What is Sleep Apnea ?Sleep Apnea is the occurrence of period of time when you stop breathing while you are a sleep. These periods can be as brief as ten seconds, but are sometimes much longer. When you stop breathing, You do not get the oxygen that your body needs and will also awaken you momentarily just before you start breathing normally again. This can occur hundreds of times throughout the night and can keep you from getting the restful sleep you need.
What are the symptoms of Sleep Apnea ?
The symptoms of sleep Apnea are things that you may have been experiencing for years, but didn't know that they were linked to a serious medical disorders like Hypertension, Diabetes, Heart attacks, Brain stroke, Obesity etc.
These symptoms include:
- Daytime Sleepiness
- Loud, irregular, habitul snoring
- Morning headache
- Poor concentration
- Memory loss
- Breathing pause, gasping or choking episode during sleep
- Excessive night sweats
- Decreased libido
- Nocturnal awakening
- Resistant obesity